Maintaining The Status of Hydration on Mr. G With Pneumonia in Fatmawati Hospital

Aat Djanatunisah, Riri Maria


Pneumonia is a health problem in the world with a high mortality rate both in developing countries and in developed countries such as America, Canada and European countries. In Indonesia, the number three cause of death after cardiovascular disease and tuberculosis. Low socioeconomic factors increase mortality. This infection is generally spread from someone who is exposed in the neighborhood or has direct contact with infected people through their hands or by breathing air (droplets) due to coughing or sneezing. In the pandemic era, pneumonia is very feared because it is related to respiratory diseases which are becoming a trend and issue, so it requires special treatment in this case. This case report aims to improve the provision of nursing care for pneumonia patients to mantaining hydration status with airway clearance problems. Nursing assessment of pneumonia patients was carried out on September 13, 2020, a 52-year-old man who has a history of DM and smoking comes with complaints of coughing but no phlegm, fever since one week ago has disappeared, the patient has diarrhea since 2 days before entering the house pain and stomach pain, the patient also has nausea and vomiting and has no appetite. Nursing intervention for 3 days in accordance with the established outcome criteria. From the nursing intervension carried out, the problem of clearing the airway was resolved, marked by no coughing, normal breathing, no ronchi, moist mucosa and no cyanosis. Nursing intervention to maintaining the patient's adequate hydration status can overcome the problem of ineffective airway clearance.

Keywords: Pneumonia, Airway Clearance, Hydration Status

Full Text:



Babar Ali., Naser Ali Al-Wabel, Saiba Shams., Aftab Ahamad., Shah Alam Khan., Firoz Anwar., et. all. (2015). Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2015; 5(8): 601–611

Brunner & Suddarth (2013). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Medikal Bedah Edisi 8 volume 2. Jakarta EGC

Dhawan, A., Narang, A., Singhi, S. (1992). {published data only}. Hyponatraemia and the inappropriate ADH syndrome in pneumonia. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 1992:12:455–62.

Dreyfuss, D., Leviel, F., Paillard, M., Rahmani, J., Coste, F. (1988). {published data only}. Acute infectious pneumonia is accompanied by latent vasopressin-dependent impairment of renal water excretion. American Review of Respiratory Disease 1988:138:583–9.

Evans, P., Miser, W. (1998). Sinusitis and pharyngitis. In: Taylor R editor(s). Family medicine. Principles and practice. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1998:338.

Jeremy, P.T. (2007). At Glance Sistem Respirasi, Edisi Kedua, Jakarta, Erlangga Medical Series.

Michelle PB Guppy., Sharon M Mickan., Chris Del Mar. (2009). Advising patients to increase fluid intake for treating acute respiratory infections; Systemic review. (PDF) Advising patients to increase fluid intake for treating acute respiratory infections ( Diakses pada tanggal 12 Desember 2020 pukul 16.00 WIB.

Middleton, D. (1991). An approach to paediatric upper respiratory infections. Australian Family Physician 1991;44:34.

Mulyana, R. (2019). Terapi Antibiotika pada Pneumonia Usia Lanjut. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas, 2019 Vol 8. No. 1. Diakses tanggal 12 Desember 17.00 WIB

Price, SA., Wilson, LM. (2005). Patofisiologi : Konsep Klinis Proses-Proses Penyakit. Volume 2 Ed/6. Hartanto H, Susi N, Wulansari P, Mahanani DA, editor. Jakarta: EGC; BAB 53, Penyakit Serebrovaskular; hal. 1106-1129.

World Health Organization (2016). Pneumonia. Diakses pada tanggal 12 Desember 2020 pukul 16.30 WIB



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 JIKO (Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Orthopedi)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Orthopedi is Indexed By :

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Orthopedi Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats